A motherboard is the central processing unit (CPU) in an electronic computer. Motherboards are computer’s internal communication backbone, through which all major components and other external peripherals interface with the computer. Motherboards work on the main USB bus that is present in any computer, which carries important programs and data for the PC to run. The USB bus is a standard interface for all motherboards, as it provides easy connectivity and efficient data transfers. The USB interface also enables the computer to communicate with other peripheral devices, including digital cameras, printers, scanners, mice, keyboards, scanners etc. Peripherals need to be connected to the computer via the USB bus, and do their work.
Motherboards have a variety of slots for connecting various peripheral devices, including DVI, HDMI, serial ports, and more. Motherboards provide slots for each peripheral, but sometimes it may not be possible to match up the port to the right device. This is where ATX motherboards come into the picture. They come in many forms and sizes and cater to a variety of computer peripherals.
The most common type of peripheral is a printer, which can be connected to the computer via the USB port. This enables the user to print documents directly to the hard drive or the media storage. Some printers work with older computers, while newer ones connect through USB. Another common peripheral is a scanner, which uses the parallel port to connect to the CPU. With an ATX motherboard, the user has the freedom to choose from many device types, including printers, scanners, and disk drives.
Other common ATX motherboards have additional slots for other devices. These may include a CD changer, a DVD burner, or external speakers. These devices need to be attached to the motherboard using a cable, or by soldering. There are some newer motherboards that include slots for these other devices, however. Often they are referred to as “capsules”, or “motherboard add-ons”.
The number of available CPU sockets are limited. Motherboards are typically made with one socket, although some newer models have two or more. For those wanting to upgrade their computer, they should check out what additional sockets there are on the motherboard. For example, on an Intel processor, sockets for Ethernet cards, audio cards, video cards, USB, and other components are usually present. It is always possible to expand a socket on a motherboard, though this may void its warranty.
Motherboards have several other uses as well. They are generally in close proximity to the computer case itself and are used to connect external devices to the motherboard. They also act as hubs for connecting sound boards, printers, scanners, USB drives, and other peripheral devices to the CPU. They also contain slots for mouse, keyboard, and ports for connecting digital devices like cameras and scanners.
Though not all modern motherboards have these extra peripheral functions, those that do typically come with extra expansion slots designed for these peripherals. This makes it easier to expand the number of devices that can be connected to the CPU. It also makes it easier to move those devices around. Many people will purchase a number of different peripherals, such as scanners, graphics card, printers, and others, and then connect them through a network cable to their main computer. Through the network cable, the devices can be easily accessed from any location.
A single-board computer will have many more features than the traditional motherboard and will function differently. The extra peripherals make it even more functional, although it still has a single port for connecting peripheral devices. However, single-board computers usually have more memory, faster processors, and better hard drives. Motherboards with added device support and extra expansions are designed with these needs in mind.